N. I. Pirogov is a Trustee of the Odesa and Kyiv school district.
Coming back from the Crimean war N. I. Pirogov resigned and moved on to administrative and pedagogical work. In 1856 he was appointed as a Trustee of the Odesa school district.
With renewed commitments, he started energetic activity. In Odesa on the basis of the Richelieu Lyceum the first University in the south of Ukraine was founded.
However, for a number of subjective reasons, the scientist was forced to leave Odesa.
In July 1856 he was transferred to the same position in Kyiv. N. I. Pirogov did not betray his principles there. He helped to open Sunday schools. Taras Shevchenko, Mykhailo Drahomanov and students of the Kyiv University of St. Vladimir also took an active part in providing school activity.
The Trustee’s activity led to a conflict with Kyiv governor-general and his entourage. On March, 13 in 1861 Pirogov was discharged from this post.
From Kyiv Pirogov moved with his family to an early bought estate, located not far from Vinnytsia. During 1862 – 1866 he spent time abroad. He was proposed to lead the internship of young scientists of different specialties at the European Universities. Staying in Germany, Nikolay Pirogov went to the wounded Giuseppe Garibaldi. After examining him, Pirogov determined the real character of the wound and advised his method of treatment.
When abroad, Nikolay Pirogov studied the University organization of education and published an important scientific work The Origin of General Battlefield Surgery (1865). Since 1866 he settled finally in his estate Vyshnia.
Exhibition materials reveal Pirogov’s administrative and pedagogical activity in Odesa, Kyiv and abroad. At the expose there are photos, papers, paintings and graphic art which depict the events of this period.